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Dec 10, 2016

Introduction to National Human Rights Summit of Persons with Disabilities

यो सामाग्री नेपालीमा पढ्नुहोस्

About the Organizer

National Federation of the Disabled- Nepal (NFDN) is an umbrella organization which represents more than 350 disabled People Organizations (DPOs) throughout the whole nation. The organization has been registered under The Institutional Enrollment Act 2034 BS at Kathmandu District Administration Office. This organization has persistently been working for the promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities through its four key strategies – Advocacy, Awareness Building, Capacity Building and Networking & Collaboration since its establishment 1993. Being a leading national body of the disability rights movement in the country, it has been undertaking different initiatives and leading various campaigns to the end of protecting, promoting and ensuring the rights of people living with all kinds of disabilities, regardless of their sex, age, education and economic status, geographical location or any forms of discriminations.



The world Report on Disability has claimed that 15% of the world's population have some kind of disabilities and the major portion of the population living in developing and underdeveloped countries (World Bank/WHO-2011). However, the country specific disability prevalence rate varies according to the definition and classification of disability adopted by the nation, survey methodology, the awareness level of public on disability, mortality rate of disabled children, social stigma and so on. In Nepal, the national census 2011 has reported that 1.94% of the total population are living with some kinds of disabilities. At the same time the living standard survey carried out by the national planning commission has claimed that the disability prevalence rate is 3.6%.

Nepal has become the state party of UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2010. The Convention is a legally binding document which has defined and described disability in a social and rights based perspective. Instead of viewing persons with disabilities as objects of charity, medical treatment and social protection, this document has recognized them as full and equal members of society and holders of all human rights in an equal basis. The UNCRPD is considered as a strong human rights instrument with obligatory provisions to ensure, protect and promote the rights of persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others.

Similarly the new constitution of Nepal has also ensured some key rights of persons with disabilities, including the rights to representation in the national and provincial parliament through proportionate representation system. In Nepal some disability specific legal frameworks, policies and programs are in place and few national laws and rules such as education act, education rules, local self-governance act, public transport related act, civil service act etc. have also incorporated some special provisions for persons with disabilities.

Despite the various policies, rules, regulations, services and facilities, the implementation has not been achieved as expected.

Most of the children with disabilities are still out of schools in their school going age. It is frequently reported by the media that, the parents tie their children with intellectual disabilities with a rope at home and go for work. Schools don't want to admit the severely disabled children and children with intellectual disabilities showing their own limitation (or lack) of knowledge, skills, special facilities needed to handle such children. There are many cases of rape and abuse of girls/women with disabilities frequently reported in the media.

People with disabilities living in such situation don't know about the provisions of laws and policies and the services and facilities as well that they are entitled to have from the state. Various forms of discrimination and human rights violation on the basis of disability are still rooted in the community level and the provisions of UNCRPD is not widely disseminated and informed properly up to the grassroots level of the society. Many legal provisions and frameworks are yet to be changed or amended in line with UNCRPD.   The disability ID card is the key door to enjoy the services and facilities, but most of the persons with disabilities living in rural areas are still away from such important facilities.  

In most of the community, disability is still considered as the consequent of sin committed in the former life. This thought has also caused different types discrimination, abuses and violence against persons with disabilities. Moreover, there are also ignorant on how to deal with disability and persons with disabilities within family, community and other public places. Most of the media reports are published with negative stereotypes on disability that additionally promotes the preoccupied mentality of the public.


The National Human Rights Summit

The National Human Rights Summit of Persons with Disabilities is a mega gathering of persons with disabilities and concerned government and non-government actors.  This event is going to be convened on 12th and 13th December in Kathmandu with the key objectives to

  •  Highlight the various emerging issues and situation of persons with disabilities related to their human rights and contribute to increase the collective effort of stakeholders for promoting the rights of persons with disabilities.
  • Sensitize all relevant stakeholders about the human rights situation of persons with disabilities and develop joint advocacy strategies to implement the CRPD for 2017 and beyond, with the collective effort of all stakeholders.

The event is expected to remarkably inculcate the government of Nepal and all other concerned stakeholders to the direction of ensuring human rights of persons with all kinds of disabilities, that will undeniably contribute directly or indirectly to resolve the aforementioned problems of persons with disabilities.


Key participants of the Event.   

NFDN will invites around 500 people representing different sectors in the summit, who will be disability related stakeholders, DPOs' leaders, government authorities, human rights activists, NFDN's partners, INGOs, women and child rights activists, university's students and professors, parliamentarians, journalists, disability sectors' service providers and representatives from corporate sectors. Beside the invitees any interested person or organizations can join the summit by paying registration fees as fixed below;

  • Individual Participation – Rs 2000/- per person
  • Organizational Participation – Rs. 3000/- per person (Rs. 5000/- for two representatives)


Activities of the Summit

  • Opening Session: The opening session will be a formal types of session where the "National Human Rights Summit" will be inaugurated formally. After inauguration the key findings of "National Living Condition Survey among the Persons with Disabilities in Nepal" will be shared by NFDN through presentation. Following the presentations there will be opening remarks form the invited chief guest, special guests and other invited high level personalities.
  • Paper presentations and interactive discussion: Altogether eleven papers in different theme of disability will be presented by the expert in four parallel sessions. The participants will be divided in different sessions according to their interest or concerned subjects. Each presentation will be followed by key observation remarks from the designated commentator and floor discussions. The moderator will conclude each session with key recommendations. 
  • Documentary and Case Studies Sessions: After the paper presentations and discussion all participants will be announced to gather in the main hall where various documentaries and case studies will be shared by different organizations which will reflect the human rights situation of persons with disabilities and good practices of civil society for promoting the rights of persons with disabilities in Nepal.
  • Closing Session: After the documentary and case study session, the closing session will be convened. This session will be a formal types of session where high level personality of the state will be invited as chief guest and guests. At the beginning the key findings of the draft alternative reports (Shadow Report) of CRPD will be shared by the working team. After the sharing the Kathmandu Declaration will be issued and the "National Human Rights Summit" will be closed formally with closing remarks and commitments of chief guests and guests.
  • Advocacy strategy: After the formal closing session NFDN will have a at most 3 hours close session with its member DPOs where the member DPOs will be oriented about the Kathmandu Declaration and an national advocacy and human rights campaign strategy will be concluded for the year 2017 and beyond.
  • Post Event Activities :
    • A compilation of the papers presented in the summit will be made and the electronic version of the compilation will be published in the official website of NFDN. Similarly the Kathmandu Declaration and Advocacy Strategy will also be disseminated as well.
    • NFDN will starts initiation to develop cooperation with its partners and government stakeholders to implement the recommendations and advocacy strategy.   


Our Valued Partners who are Contributing to the Event

  • Ministry of Women Children and Social Welfare
  • Federation of the Norwegian Disabled People (FFO Norway) 
  • Disabled Peoples' Organization Denmark (DPOD Denmark)
  • Netherlands Leprosy Relief (NLR)
  • Plan Nepal
  • My Rights
  • CBM
  • ASB
  • Parents Federation of the Persons with Intellectual Disabilities (PFPID)  
  • FLEM
  • Handicap International
  • Save the Children  


Summary of the Programs




12th December

9:00 to 11:00

  • Formal Inauguration
  • Sharing of the findings of Living Condition Study Reports.
  • Observation and Remarks of the Chief Guest and Guests. 

11:00 AM to 1:30 PM

  • Parallel Sessions on Different 8 themes of disability in four different sites.   

1:30 PM to 2:30 PM

Launch Break

2:30 PM to 3:30 PM

  • Documentary Presentation
  • Case Studies Presentation

3:30 PM to 4:30 PM

  • Sharing of the primary Findings of CRPD Shadow Report.
  • Announcement of Kathmandu Declaration.
  • Closing Remarks from chief guest and guests

13th December

9:00 AM to 10:30 AM

  • Orientation to the Member DPOs on Kathmandu Declaration.

10:30 AM to 11:00 AM

  • Presentation on the Draft Advocacy Strategies

11:00 AM to 12:30 PM

  • Floor Discussion on the Draft Advocacy Strategy.

12:30 PM to 1:30 PM

Launch Break

1:30 PM to 4:00 PM

  • Finalization of Advocacy Strategy and Annual General Meeting of NFDN



Program Venue

DECC, United World Trade Center

Tripureshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal

यो सामाग्री नेपालीमा पढ्नुहोस्


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